Quick Answer: What Is Bottom Plate In Framing?

How do you secure a bottom plate to concrete?

Attaching the bottom plate of a wall to a concrete floor can be done using any of the following methods:Cut nails (aka masonry nails)Concrete nails.Concrete screws.Wedge anchors.Construction Adhesive..

How do you attach a bottom plate to a subfloor?

Tack the bottom plate to the subfloor using 8d or 16d nails approx. every 4′ (every other stud bay). – These should be toenailed on the inside of the wall, not on the outside (under the plate). the plate, and push wall left/right until this line sits exactly on the red chalk line.

What is the function of a sole plate?

Purpose: A Sole Plate is supplied when the customer requires a stable foundation to anchor the motor. Construction/Installation: The Sole Plate is a metal plate between 1.0″ and 1.5″ thick with four 3/4″ thick reinforcement pads welded under each foot of the motor.

When would you use sole plates and why?

The elevation of the top surface should allow at least one inch of grout under the base plates or sole plates. When machinery is mounted directly on the foundation, sole plates must be provided. It is wise to epoxy-grout sole plates to facilitate easy removal and installation of equipment during maintenance.

What is a bottom plate?

A Bottom Plate is the piece of timber which sits on the floor and forms the bottom of the wall, carrying the stud loads to the floor joists.

What is a plate in framing?

A plate or wall plate is a horizontal, structural, load-bearing member in wooden building framing.

Do I need a double bottom plate?

If you are gonna drywall , I would definitely go with a double bottom plate. This will allow you to keep the drywall up above the slab and still have full bearing for it to screw to . Less chance for possible water damage.

Why are top plates doubled?

Bearing walls use the double top plates to transfer loads from joists above through the wall studs, through the sole plates, through the floor system to the beams, columns, foundations and footings. Joints in top plates have to be located over the studs. … Joints in the top plates should be offset by at least one stud.

What is the difference between a sill plate and a sole plate?

Sill plate is PT lumber used on top of a concrete foundation on the bottom of a wall. Bottom plate is standard lumber on wood on the bottom of a wall. Sole plate is PT lumber on a concrete floor as used in a basement partition wall.

What goes under sill plate?

Lay a continuous layer of 1/4-inch foam gasket or similar moisture and air barrier on top of the concrete slab before applying sill plates. The gasket must be designed specifically for use with sill plates; these are commonly sold in rolls. Look for a gasket in the same width as the sill plate you will install.

How do you attach studs to the bottom plate?

Fasten the bottom plate by driving 16d nails through it into the floor. Nail the end studs to framing in the existing wall. Score the shims with a utility knife and snap them off flush with the plate. Nail the studs in place one at a time.

What is a top plate in framing?

Top plate. Top horizontal member of a frame wall supporting ceiling joists, rafters, or other members.

What kind of wood is used for framing studs?

Wooden studs can be purchased from any building supply store or lumber yard, and are usually made of spruce or Douglas fir. Typical houses are built using 2x6s for exterior walls and 2x4s for interior.

Is a sill plate necessary?

Sill seal is ribbed polyethylene foam used to seal the gap between the sill plate and the foundation. The ribs effectively seal out air currents, moisture and insects, leaving you worry free to enjoy your home. … A sill plate is not necessary but you still need some system to bolt/tie the house to the foundation.